Why alternative seafood
GFI empowers innovators to create delicious, affordable plant-based, cultivated, and fermentation-derived proteins. We aim to make the sustainable choice the default choice. There is arguably no more urgent product category for this approach than seafood.
Seafood poses unique challenges for innovators, and our Sustainable Seafood Initiative provides targeted research and support to accelerate this sector. Read on to learn what factors we believe will make alternative seafood successful.
Independence from population & geographical constraints
Alternative seafood doesn’t rely on wild population productivity or geographical considerations. Supply chains and raw materials for alternative proteins are significantly less constrained than conventional seafood supply chains, so plant-based and cultivated seafood can be produced consistently.
Manufacturing facilities for plant-based and cultivated seafood don’t need to be located near sensitive, expensive, and overburdened coastal areas. Instead, they can be built where consumer demand is, creating good jobs anywhere.
Highly efficient inputs
We can make alternative seafood products from highly efficient protein sources, such as fungi, with the potential to use byproduct streams and residual biomass from other sources like feedstocks. Essentially, we can make more seafood with fewer natural resources and far less harm to our environment.
Fewer health risks
Fish and shellfish are two of the eight most common food allergens, which cause more than 90% of food allergic reaction episodes in the U.S.
Additionally, some people limit seafood consumption because they are concerned about high levels of mercury and other toxins. The FDA advises those who are pregnant or breastfeeding to avoid certain species of fish completely.
Reduced loss in supply chain
Plant-based products have a longer shelf life and don’t need as much costly refrigerated transportation. They also provide an attractive opportunity for local production in landlocked areas.
Further, the production processes for both plant-based and cultivated seafood are more controllable and predictable. This allows for better real-time response to demand and for much more customized end products that precisely meet consumer needs. We can produce valuable cuts, product formats, and species of seafood products without generating low-value byproduct waste.
These benefits create an opportunity for plant-based and cultivated seafood to provide a healthier, ocean-friendly, and ultimately less expensive alternatives to conventional seafood.
Action paper: An ocean of opportunity
This action paper explores alternative seafood’s role in creating a sustainable, secure, and just food system.
State of the Industry Report: Alternative seafood
Our report explores the global alternative seafood industry’s commercial landscape and shares the latest on investments, sales data, and consumer insights.
Plant-based and cultivated seafood research
GFI’s Sustainable Seafood Initiative is enabling high-impact research to address critical challenges facing the plant-based, cultivated, and fermentation-derived seafood sectors. These projects will greatly reduce the barrier to entry for new researchers and innovators.
Aggregating seafood data
Explore our open-access tools for seafood data: the Phylogenetic Index of Seafood CharactEriStics (PISCES) and the Archetype Library for Alternative Seafood (ATLAS). These tools aggregate data characterizing the properties and impacts of conventionally-produced seafood in order to accelerate the development and commercialization of alternative seafood.
Characterization of seafood products
The research community urgently needs the parameters that define high-quality meat from a number of seafood-relevant species. A deep understanding of the molecular and structural signatures that define consumer experiences—like taste, aroma, and texture—is critical for developing alternative seafood products that replicate these sensory experiences. Nutritional, aesthetic, and processing qualities are also important for producing high-quality alternative seafood products.
GFI has worked to compile existing research in a user-friendly format with a tool called PISCES. This tool contains available research for over 200 marine species, including cell lines, curated research papers, genome sequences, taxonomies, nutrition profiles, and greenhouse gas footprints.
PISCES is integrated with our Archetype Library for Alternative Seafood (ATLAS) which presents data on an archetype-level to help users prioritize groups of species for alternative seafood based on environmental impact, human health, animal welfare, and market size.
We plan to expand PISCES to include new research and systematically characterize the structure, mechanical properties, and aroma of several common seafood species. With increasing access to data and connections across data modalities, researchers and innovators can accelerate the development and widespread commercial adoption of plant-based and cultivated seafood.
Learn more about our plans for this resource and contact us if you’re interested in supporting this work.
Cell line repository
GFI is partnering with the reagents company Kerafast to establish a repository of cell lines relevant to cultivated meat and seafood. This repository will streamline the process of sharing cells for research between labs and/or companies, and cut down on duplication of effort.
Easier access to validated cell lines brings us closer to the day when cultivated meat and seafood come to market. Learn how GFI is streamlining access to cell lines and funding the development of new lines.
Cell line development
Thanks to gifts from the philanthropic community, we are funding work at Mote Marine Laboratory on the development of embryonic lines from red drum, almaco jack, and whiteleg shrimp. At Tufts University, we have granted funds for the development of myosatellite lines from Atlantic salmon. We are also granting funds for a project on culture media optimization for finfish species at Virginia Tech.
Join our research efforts
If you are a scientist interested in alternative seafood, we would love to explore ways to work together! Thanks to support from philanthropic partners, we may also be able to provide research funding, so if you have a great idea, please apply.
Help shape the direction of our research
If you’ve ever thought, “I wish GFI were supporting research into…” and it had anything to do with seafood, we’d like to hear from you!
The more our priorities can be shaped by the real challenges being faced by researchers and companies, the more of an impact we will have. Whether it’s a specific technical approach you’d like to explore or something more outside the box, please don’t hesitate to get in touch.
Join the GFIdeas Community
We’re in this together. GFIdeas is our community of innovators who are advancing a healthy, sustainable, and just food system. Join GFIdeas to amplify your impact in the global good food system. Learn from an international business network of entrepreneurs and investors as you launch a startup and meet collaborators. Join GFIdeas to propel scientific innovation and explore the frontier of food technology.
The GFIdeas Community features a Slack channel dedicated to seafood. If you’re interested in connecting with others in this space, we would love to hear from you!
We identify, prioritize, promote, and track the most promising solutions to accelerate the alternative protein industry. Tap into our solutions work to discover ideas for research projects, find inspiration for new commercial ventures and products, and explore ecosystem-level interventions to support the industry as a whole.
To date, no robust environmental assessments have been conducted to compare alternative seafood to its conventional counterparts. An open-access, quantitative analysis of the relative environmental impacts of alternative seafood will…
Cultivated seafood will need to be supplemented with long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids to be nutritionally equivalent or superior to conventional seafood. However, how these compounds can best be incorporated…
Affordable animal-free omega-3 ingredients for alternative seafood and other alternative protein applications
In order to appeal to health-conscious consumers, alternative seafood products should contain similar omega-3 fatty acids, especially DHA and EPA, content to conventional seafood. Animal-free omega-3 ingredients can be expensive…
As the alternative seafood industry scales up, a low-cost and abundant source of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids will become necessary. Several means of producing these compounds have been investigated…
Preventing oxidation of omega-3 fatty acids before and after addition to alternative seafood products
Deeper fundamental knowledge of the causes and prevention of oxidation of omega-3 fatty acids before, during, and after addition to alternative seafood products is needed to improve their nutritional and…
Although fish are one of the best dietary sources of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (FAs), these compounds are mostly bioaccumulated from a fish’s diet rather than synthesized de novo. Consistent…
A number of published studies have focused on scaffolds for cultivated meat (see Related Efforts) yet, to our knowledge, no studies have specifically attempted to formulate scaffolds for fish or…
Connect with our experts
Claire Bomkamp, Ph.D.
LEAD SCIENTIST, CULTIVATED MEAT & SEAFOOD
Claire Bomkamp is focused on cultivated seafood and driving forward GFI’s Sustainable Seafood Initiative.
Areas of expertise: the science and technology of cultivated seafood, cultivated seafood startups, research, and university programs, scaffolding, science communication, fish puns.
CORPORATE ENGAGEMENT SPECIALIST
Marika leads GFI’s work with foodservice operators, retailers, and distributors to inspire and accelerate their shift toward alternative proteins.
Areas of expertise: foodservice, retail, distribution, alternative seafood, relationship development, public speaking
Liz Specht, Ph.D.
VICE PRESIDENT, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Liz Specht oversees GFI’s Science and Technology department to build a roadmap for accelerating alternative protein research while empowering scientists to execute on this vision.
Areas of expertise: plant-based meat, fermentation, technical analyses, forecasting and modeling, synthetic biology, public speaking.